Momentum in research
THC and CBD are among the 66 cannabinoids to the most promising therapeutic agents. Cannabinoids have been used primarily to treat neurological disorders such as multiple sclerosis or epilepsy, against the side effects of chemotherapy or for chronic pain. The discovery of the CBD and its potency was loud cautery of cannabis research a new impetus. So cannabis is always open for the natural remedy new research approaches, such as use in breast cancer, or psychosis.
New impetus is also on the Swiss cannabis "Market": The revision of the Narcotics Act two years ago, the Federal Office of Public Health may recently also grant exemptions from natural cannabis, so far this only synthetic THC was reserved for the loud professionals, however, far less effective is.
This legal niche allows the use of Medizinalcannabis, although cultivation and consumption of THC-containing cannabis, as in most countries is still prohibited. However, even minor, international pharmaceutical companies to mix with this increasingly lucrative market. So soon comes "Sativex" on the Swiss market, inhalation spray on the basis of THC and CBD in the treatment of muscle spasms in multiple sclerosis. The same company has received these days in the U.S., the approval of clinical trials in epilepsy patients with a CBD-containing spray.
CBD, THC and CBG - A closer look at the cannabinoids
Cannabis contains over 480 active ingredients, of which 80 have been found only in cannabis. That's a lot of different variables that affect the body and that's partly the reason why there are always new published scientific research describing new discoveries around cannabis. The compounds 80, which are only found in cannabis are termed cannabinoids. These interact with the receptors in our body, they trigger reactions in our nervous system and brain. Here below is a brief overview of the 8 main cannabinoids found in marijuana.
Tetrahydrocannabinol This is the best known and most abundant cannabinoid in Cannabis, it stands for Δ-9-tetrahydrocannibinol. This cannabinoid is responsible for the main psychoactive effect, which can be experienced in the consumption of cannabis, it stimulates areas of the brain, which causes the release of dopamine - which in turn causes a feeling of euphoria and well-being. THC also has an analgesic effect, it relieves the symptoms of pain and inflammation. Combined, this causes a great feeling of relaxation.
CBD Cannabidiol or CBD abbreviated is, tends to be in terms of quantity the second most abundant cannabinoid in marijuana. It hasa serious impact on the medical field and is the most desirable combination of medical users. It is a non-psychoactive component, probably reduces the effects of THC and regulated. This means that varieties with a lot of CBD next to the THC trigger a frenzy, in which the head is much clearer than eg in the Haze varieties that contain very little CBD. CBD itself has a long list of medical properties. Among the most important things here are the relief of chronic pain, inflammation, migraine, arthritis, cramps and epilepsy and schizophrenia. CBD has also shown properties that act against cancer and with each new benefit further research are constantly being found.
Cannabinol Cannabinol or CBN abbreviated, is an analgesic that ensteht by the degradation of THC by oxidation. It is easy psychoactive and can be found in fresh cannabis plants only in small amounts. Its occurrence can be reduced to a minimum by storing harvested cannabis in a dark, dry place. Tends to the effect of THC the preferred CBN, for CBN is not as effective as THC and may cause fatigue, if it occurs in high concentrations. From it is also known that it reduces anxiety and reduces the intraocular pressure.
Cannabigerol CBG, also known as cannabigerol, is an active ingredient in cannabis, which is known for its antibacterial effect. It was noted in recent research that there are varieties Although traditionally not very common in most cannabis, but that it probably is the "template" or "stem cell" for both THC and CBD. This means that THC and CBD emerge from the CBG. CBG was also found to inhibit the uptake of GABA, resulting in a feeling of relaxation, which is normally associated with the CBD. These findings have spurred new research in this cannabinoid, which could come out that it might also have a greater impact.
THCV Of tetrahydrocannabivarin THCV or abbreviated, it is believed that it is a cannabinoid that attenuates the intensity of the psychoactive effects of THC. Current research is carried out to THCV, suggests that it can be used to treat metabolic disorders and functions as an appetite suppressant.
Cannabichromene Although not much medical research has been performed in this cannabinoid suspected of cannabichromene or abbreviated CBC, it has anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. Let recent research suggests that it potentially plays a role in cell regeneration in the brain.
Tetrahydrocannabinolicacid THCA is an acid form of THC. It is a raw state in which THC in fresh cannabis plants can be found. Only when cannabis is heated, the THCA is converted to THC. THCA from this raw form, it is believed that there is no active connection.
Similar to THCA, CBDA is the acid form of the CBD. It is currently believed that it has an antiemetic effect (anti-nausea effect), and that it helps to combat breast cancer.However, more research on its medicinal benefits of distress.