Hemp and its ingredients Posted on 19 Dec 15:04
Hemp and its ingredients
The hemp family. Regarding the most prominent representative of hemp, two species of the genus Cannabis can be distinguished: Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica. It has long granted the dispute as to whether there is a third kind: Cannabis ruderalis or you do only postulates a Cannabisart, cannabis sativa, which breaks down into several subspecies.
The female malice: the distribution of the ingredients
The most common ingredients of hemp are terpenoids and cannabinoids. They can be found in the resin of the hemp plant.
Terpenoids are chemically modified terpenes and are important building blocks for hormones, vitamins, essential oils and fragrances dar. cannabis is capable of producing about 120 different terpenes. As odor it gives marijuana also has a special flavor and is also responsible for ensuring that sniffer dogs are able to find Drugs: Not the effective THC is detected by them, but terpenes as odorants. The ratios of terpenes depend on the age of the plant, but also the time of day and the climate. Examples of terpenes which have been found in cannabis are menthol and camphor.
The cannabinoids are the second class of materials with a number of representatives. Among the most important cannabinoids are the psychoactive delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, also known as THC or Δ 9-THC and the cannabigerol (CBG), which itself does not seem psychoactive, but starting material for the synthesis of THC and other Cannbinoide, and the weak psychoactive cannabidiol (CBD). Interestingly, THC is almost exclusively found on the female plant, while the male plant produces hardly psychologically active substances. The unfertilized inflorescences of the female plant are particularly rich in THC. The synthesis of these substance takes place over several steps, some of which are reversible, ie can also proceed in the opposite direction. For the yield of THC the proportion of the various cannabinoids is crucial in the reaction cascade, and this will change during the growth of the plant. The appropriate time of harvest for the mentally active form occurs when the THC content is highest, and this is the case as soon as the transparent resin begins to become cloudy.
In addition to the time of harvesting the cannabis variety is crucial for the THC content. The Indian hemp is an average of one meter high, looks rather stocky in stature and is particularly broad leaves and the largest number of flowers. Cannabis sativa reaches a height of up to 5 meters, is very strong-forgives and has larger leaves, but they are very narrow. In addition to the differing external characteristics is often a difference in the effect which is achieved with the products of both plants is described. Responsible for this are the different proportions of the individual cannabinoids, the Cannbinoid profile. Cannabis indica in the proportion of cannabidiol (CBD) is higher and hence the ratio of CBD to THC. The opponent THC CBD suppressed its effect. A high proportion of CBD is described as a rather soothing, lower than stimulating. The concentration of CBG is also increased in cannabis indica.
THESE STATEMENTS HAVE NOT BEEN EVALUATED BY THE FDA AND ARE NOT INTENDED TO DIAGNOSE, TREAT, OR CURE ANY DISEASE. ALWAYS CHECK WITH YOUR PHYSICIAN BEFORE STARTING A NEW DIETARY SUPPLEMENT PROGRAM.